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What is Person Centred Counselling?

Updated: Nov 26, 2022


Person Centred Counselling is a non-directive talking therapy, a humanistic approach developed by Carl Rogers during the 1950s. Usually with two people being present, one being the client and the other the counsellor.

It is recognised within this model that human beings have an innate tendency to change and develop themselves. The counsellor will put the clients’ views and thoughts central within the therapy session.

Carl Rogers highlighted that there were three core conditions that are required in Person Centred Counselling:


· Empathy

· Congruence

· Unconditional positive regard

Empathy = the counsellor endeavouring to understand the clients’ points of view

Congruence = the counsellor being a genuine person

Unconditional Positive Regard = the counsellor being non-judgemental


The aim of Person-Centred Therapy is for the counsellor to facilitate our ability to self-actualise – the belief that given the right conditions we will all grow and flourish and therefore fulfil our potential. This approach allows the client to explore their own strengths along with their personal identity of self.


Techniques in Person Centred Therapy include the following:


· Gives an emphasis on the client being the expert

· Non-directive

· Unconditional positive regard

· Empathy

· Accept Negative Emotions

· Active Listening


It is also important to ensure clients are physically comfortable and safe by taking into account their needs and requirements.

(Rogers, 1902-1987)


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